STATS: Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland

Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland
Federal Statistical Office, Alemania.
DESTATIS
2.700 empleados
Wiesbaden, Bonn, I-Punkt Berlin.

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Organigrama, estructura.
La división de gráficos y diseño depende de ‘Estrategia, planificación, relaciones internacionales, documentación y comunicación’.

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Los objetivos.

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Galería de aplicaciones interactivas.

Statistics on the internet:
user-friendly, interactive, free of charge
The number of five million page views per month confirms that the internet portal
www.destatis.de of the Federal Statistical Office has become the main source of statistical information. By extending the range of online publications and interactive applications in 2009, user access was improved. As more and more theme pages and press releases are linked with the database GENESIS-Online and with the range of international data, users find more quickly what they are looking for. The number of accesses to GENESISOnline in 2009 (about one million) was twice that of 2008: Free tables, a new navigation and a WebService for registered customers had a positive impact on demand.

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A new and innovative feature within the prices area is the price kaleidoscope, which is an interactive graphical application. The price development and the weighting of product groups in the consumer price index are visualised, so that the main origins of price increases or decreases are illustrated.

Price Kaleidoscope
The inflation rate in January 2010 was 0.8%. The rate of price increase does not only depend on how the prices change. Another important factor is the weights with which the price trends of the individual types of goods are included in the overall index.

The size of each section represents the weight. The colour shows how the prices
within that category of goods have changed.
Personal inflation calculator
© Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden / Michael Balzer, Universität Konstanz 2009
table vIewS In GeneSIS-OnlIne per year
159,016

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The STATmagazin, which is the Federal Statistical Office’s web magazine, has become
established as an element of the Office’s data supply. Short texts and charts that
are easy to understand, it provides information that is well-based in terms of statistics and deals with issues which are in the focus of public discussion. The trend in the number of free downloads from the publication service is positive: More than 100,000 free publications were downloaded every month in 2009 – with topics focusing most frequently on demographic change as well as producer and consumer prices.

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Since May 2009, the Federal Statistical Office, together with the statistical offices of the Länder, has offered a new interactive regional atlas with over 80 indicators at www.destatis.de/onlineatlas. The visualisation of the statistics is based on data of all rural districts and towns not attached to an administrative district in Germany.
Regional differences – for example with regard to economic power, internal migration or employment – can be seen at a glance.

MAPS: Sequía, 2000-2099, UCAR

Drought under global warning: a review
Aiguo Dai
Publication: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

The detailed analysis concludes that warming temperatures associated with climate change will likely create increasingly dry conditions across much of the globe in the next 30 years, possibly reaching a scale in some regions by the end of the century that has rarely, if ever, been observed in modern times.

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Future drought. These four maps illustrate the potential for future drought worldwide over the decades indicated, based on current projections of future greenhouse gas emissions. These maps are not intended as forecasts, since the actual course of projected greenhouse gas emissions as well as natural climate variations could alter the drought patterns.

The maps use a common measure, the Palmer Drought Severity Index, which assigns positive numbers when conditions are unusually wet for a particular region, and negative numbers when conditions are unusually dry. A reading of -4 or below is considered extreme drought. Regions that are blue or green will likely be at lower risk of drought, while those in the red and purple spectrum could face more unusually extreme drought conditions. (Courtesy Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews, redrawn by UCAR. This image is freely available for media use. Please credit the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research.

The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research promotes partnership in a collaborative community dedicated to understanding the atmosphere—the air around us—and the complex processes that make up the Earth system, from the ocean floor to the Sun’s core. more below >

The National Center for Atmospheric Research provides research, observing and computing facilities, and a variety of services for the atmospheric and Earth sciences community. more below >

UCAR Community Programs provide leadership, services, and innovation in support of the community’s education and research goals. more below >

NCAR and the UCAR Community Programs are managed by UCAR, a nonprofit consortium of research universities, on behalf of the National Science Foundation and the university community.

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THE PALMER DROUGHT SEVERITY INDEX

The Palmer Index was developed by Wayne Palmer in the 1960s and uses temperature and rainfall information in a formula to determine dryness. It has become the semi-official drought index.

The Palmer Index is most effective in determining long term drought—a matter of several months—and is not as good with short-term forecasts (a matter of weeks). It uses a 0 as normal, and drought is shown in terms of minus numbers; for example, minus 2 is moderate drought, minus 3 is severe drought, and minus 4 is extreme drought. At present, northern Virginia is at a minus 4.0 point; north central Maryland is at a minus 4.2 level, and southern Maryland is at least a minus 4 level.

The Palmer Index can also reflect excess rain using a corresponding level reflected by plus figures; i.e., 0 is normal, plus 2 is moderate rainfall, etc. At present, north central Iowa is at a plus 5.2 level, and parts of South Dakota are even higher.

The advantage of the Palmer Index is that it is standardized to local climate, so it can be applied to any part of the country to demonstrate relative drought or rainfall conditions. The negative is that it is not as good for short term forecasts, and is not particularly useful in calculating supplies of water locked up in snow, so it works best east of the Continental Divide.

The Crop Moisture Index (CMI) is also a formula that was also developed by Wayne Palmer subsequent to his development of the Palmer Drought Index.

The CMI responds more rapidly than the Palmer Index and can change considerably from week to week, so it is more effective in calculating short-term abnormal dryness or wetness affecting agriculture.

CMI is designed to indicate normal conditions at the beginning and end of the growing season; it uses the same levels as the Palmer Drought Index.

It differs from the Palmer Index in that the formula places less weight on the data from previous weeks and more weight on the recent week.

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The Palmer Drought Indices

The Palmer Z Index measures short-term drought on a monthly scale. The Palmer Crop Moisture Index (CMI) measures short-term drought on a weekly scale and is used to quantify drought’s impacts on agriculture during the growing season.

The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) (known operationally as the Palmer Drought Index (PDI)) attempts to measure the duration and intensity of the long-term drought-inducing circulation patterns. Long-term drought is cumulative, so the intensity of drought during the current month is dependent on the current weather patterns plus the cumulative patterns of previous months. Since weather patterns can change almost literally overnight from a long-term drought pattern to a long-term wet pattern, the PDSI (PDI) can respond fairly rapidly.

The hydrological impacts of drought (e.g., reservoir levels, groundwater levels, etc.) take longer to develop and it takes longer to recover from them. The Palmer Hydrological Drought Index (PHDI), another long-term drought index, was developed to quantify these hydrological effects. The PHDI responds more slowly to changing conditions than the PDSI (PDI).

STATS: Tea Party, Public Religion

Religion and The Tea Party in the 2010 Election
An Analysis of the Third Biennial American Values Survey
Octubre, 2010
PUBLIC RELIGION RESEARCH INSTITUTE
WDC.

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% sobre la población general.

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Religión.
Cristianos.

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Defensa del individuo y sus capacidades frente al Estado.
Inmigración, obstáculo.

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Apoyan menos las protecciones social, medioambiental y del emigrante.

Public Religion Research Institute is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, independent firm specializing in research at the intersection of religion, values, and public policy. As a research organization, we do not take positions on, nor do we advocate for, particular policies. As members of the American Academy of Religion and the American Association for Public Opinion Research, our research team follows the highest academic research standards, including balance and transparency.

GRAPHICS: Los valientes de Atacama

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Ariel Fernández, bravo infografista de LA TERCERA de Chile, es muy sincero.
Aquí un pequeño relato sobre la cobertura visual de su departamento, una aventura periodística única que ha puesto a los diarios chilenos y, en especial, a la Tercera en el planeta de la infografía. Durante muchos días, han sido la referencia mundial, desde Hong Kong hasta Londres, pasando por Nueva York.

TODO ESTABA CONTADO
‘Después de la urgencia de la cobertura diaria del accidente de los mineros llegamos a un punto que ya habiamos contado visualmente todo o al menos lo más importante’.

ADELANTARSE
‘Apostamos como sección de infografía a mostrar lo que sería noticia al día de publicación o al siguiente, apostamos por adelantarnos a los hechos hasta donde pudiésemos’.

EN EL TERRENO
‘Con fuentes anónimas para el público, pero con nombre, apellido y cargo para nosotros, un gran reporteo en terreno de uno de nosotros, Heglar Fleming, una excelente investigación de la periodista Carolina Araya desde Santiago, miembro de nuestra sección, y la inquietud de respuestas de todo el equipo de infografía’.

EQUIPO PEQUEÑO
‘Y obvio, la materialización, ya sea directa o indirecta de todo el equipo (que no está demás decirlo, 4 infografistas en Santiago para cubrir mineros, economía, internacional, todo lo demás’.

INFORMACIÓN AGOTADA
‘Conversando con la Directora de Arte, veíamos que nos venían por delante. A esas alturas no encontrábamos ninguna información que pudiese darse por parte de nosotros, que siguiera adelantándose a los hechos’.

LA COMPETENCIA
‘Habíamos llegado a un punto en que lo que se leyera mañana debimos haberlo publicado ayer, y no es lo que buscábamos. Ahí le comenté que sentía que le debíamos al lector un gran resumen visual de los 69 días, un documento histórico que resumiese todo el accidente. Al día siguiente lo publicó nuestra competencia, El Mercurio, por lo que descartamos dicha idea. Pero todavía así debíamos hacer ese gráfico. Así que optamos por llevarlo en internet’.

ESPECIAL MULTIMEDIA
‘Este especial lo realizaron algunos colegas. Nos dimos cuenta que teníamos varios trabajos ‘on line’, pero que con el transcurrir de los días careció de orden cronológico y de actualizaciones de datos, así que se reordenó y se actualizaron los datos’.

Abrazos y felicidades a su equipo, especialmente a Jorge Cortés, que fue padre en medio de toda esta historia.

RESEARCH: Mina San José, información digital

Poca información visual la recibida estos días para realizar infografías sobre el rescate de los mineros. Parece increíble la cantidad de gráficos realizados en los medios.

Si alguno de ustedes ha encontrado más referencias visuales oficiales, les agradecería me las enviara.

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Página oficial Gobierno de Chile.
Los 33 mineros.
Da un parte diario y existe un PDF con información antigua.
Web específica sobre el rescate, con parte diario hasta el día 13 de octubre.
Nada del proyecto, ni de la cápsula, ni de la perforación.
Muy escasa información visual.

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Digimapas Chile

Para la Corporación Nacional del Cobre (CODELCO), Digimapas Chile ha levantado topográficamente la mina San José y alrededores con su Sistema Lidar (Laser Aerotransportado) y cámaras digitales de alta resolución en un tiempo record, siendo realizado el vuelo el día viernes 19 de agosto, para luego procesar y entregar los primeros resultados el lunes 23 de Agosto. Entrego un levantamiento topográfico escala 1:1000 en planimetría, curvas de nivel cada 1m, Ortofotos Digitales con 25cm pixel y nubes de puntos clasificadas en coordenadas locales mina.

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La mina San José, NASA.

In early August 2010, Chile’s San José copper and gold mine collapsed, trapping 33 miners underground. Seventeen days later, the miners’ friends and families were overjoyed to learn that the men had survived. However, the good news came with a caveat: rescuing the miners might take months. They would be an isolated group, living in close quarters, in a potentially deadly environment.
Although they work far above—not below—the surface of the Earth, NASA astronauts endure similar isolation and cramped spaces. In a small contribution to the rescue effort, NASA dispatched a four-person team—two physicians, a psychologist, and an engineer—to Chile to provide support. Invited by the Chilean government, NASA administrators hoped that the agency’s expertise in preparing for emergencies in human spaceflight and sustaining life in a hostile environment could provide benefits to the miners.
The San José mine lies north of Copiapó, Chile, in the world’s driest desert, the Atacama. The Advanced Land Imager (ALI) on NASA’s Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) captured this natural-color image of the mine and its surroundings on September 16, 2010. The mine complex appears as an uneven patch of gray in the midst of camel-colored hills devoid of vegetation. Parts of the Atacama have received no precipitation since recordkeeping began.
As of late August 2010, just two 700-meter (2,300-foot) passageways, each about 23 centimeters (9 inches) in diameter, connected the miners with the world above. Through those tubes, rescue workers could pass food, water, medicine, telephone lines, letters between miners and family members, and games to help pass the time. Before their discovery, the miners had fashioned their own dominoes and opened an underground casino to keep up their spirits.
Before their discovery, the miners kept themselves alive by rationing supplies—about a tablespoon of tuna and ounce or two of milk per day. After 17 days, many were close to starvation. James Polk, one of the NASA physicians visiting the site, explained that providing food to people who had been starving is complicated and must be done cautiously. A rapid reintroduction of calories can cause metabolic changes that quickly turn life threatening.
Equally challenging is the emotional ordeal of spending months in a small group in a confined space. Even before they were found, workers had organized themselves into groups and focused on tasks that would contribute to their rescue, including maintaining their section of the mine and the mining equipment, and mapping their location. The NASA team concluded that the miners and their families were setting an example of resilience. The Chilean government, meanwhile, mounted a rescue operation of unprecedented scope.

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Las galerías
Informe oficial del Gobierno
Esto este es el esquema del Gobierno de Chile que se encuentra en la red.

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Las perforadoras
Informe oficial del Gobierno

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Las tomas de perforación.
Informe oficial del Gobierno

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El plan de acción inicial
Informe oficial del Gobierno

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La jaula de rescate.
Informe oficial del Gobierno
La jaula la construyó ASMAR (los astilleros de Chile), pero en su página no hay nada.

El diseño sería de CODELCO (Corporación Nacional del Cobre), donde tampoco hay nada.

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Companía minera de San Esteban
Informe minas, enero 2009

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Características de la construcción.

Informe minas, enero 2009

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Companía en ruina.
Informe minas, enero 2009

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El sistema de polea
Fotografía que pasó Reuters, pero se desconoce el origen.
No está en la web del Gobierno ni en la de la minería.

diagram of the pulley system that will be used to raise the 33 miners individually from the tunnel of the San Jose mine where they have been trapped for weeks is seen at San Jose mine near Copiapo city October 11, 2010. Chilean rescuers on Saturday finished drilling an escape shaft for 33 miners trapped deep underground after a cave-in over two months ago. REUTERS/Handout

Está firmado por: ÖSTU-STETTIN , que realizó el sistema de elevación.
En su web no hay nada.

Headquarter
ÖSTU-STETTIN
Hoch- und Tiefbau GmbH

Münzenbergstraße 38
8700 Leoben
Austria
Tel.: +43 3842 42523
Fax: +43 3842 42523-133
E-Mail: leoben@oestu-stettin.at
www.oestu-stettin.at

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La mina San José y el dispositivo en superficie
De Reuters, parece que la foto la hizo un ‘freelance’.
Tampoco se sabe su origen.

A map of the copper and gold mine where 33 miners are trapped in an accident in August is seen at San Jose mine near Copiapo city October 11, 2010. Rescue workers finished reinforcing an escape shaft on Monday for the trapped miners that should help avoid a last-minute disaster, setting the stage for their evacuation and an end to a two-month ordeal that gripped the world. REUTERS/Stringer

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La cápsula de rescate diseñada por la Marina de Chile.
La pasó Reuters, mencionando a la Armada Chilena como el origen.
Pero en la página de la Armada no hay nada.

ASMAR la presentó el 15 de septiembre de 2010.
Edificio Rapa Nui
Prat # 856, Piso 13
Valparaíso, Chile

Mesa Central:
Tel.: (56-32) 226 0000 / Fax: (56-32) 226 0157-8

ASMAR es una Empresa del Estado de Administración Autónoma, del área de la industria naval y de la defensa, cuya actividad principal es satisfacer eficientemente las necesidades de reparaciones, carenas y construcciones de las unidades de la Armada de Chile, y efectuar reparaciones, carenas y construcciones de naves y artefactos navales para terceros nacionales y extranjeros.

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Plano de la mina.
Me lo pasan desde la Tercera de Chile.
Te adjunto la fotografía del plano que hemos utilizado.
FUENTE: Compañía Minera San Esteban Primera S.A.
Título del plano: “Perfil longitudinal Mina San José Primera”
Fecha: Junio 2010
Escala: 1/1000

No tiene página digital.
En InfoMine está la ficha de la empresa. No hay ninguna información al respecto del rescate.

Compañía Minera San Esteban Primera S.A.
Gerente : Sr. Marcelo Kemeny Fuller.
Dirección : Fidel Oteiza 1921 Of. 806 Providencia
F: 2254651
Fax : 2238880 2254648
Fax : (52)212636(Copiapó) 2254630

STATS: The Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011

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The Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011
World Economic Forum

Professor Xavier Sala-i-Martin
Columbia University
Chief Advisor of the Centre for Global Competitiveness and Performance

‘Partner’ en España:
IESE Business School, International Center for Competitiveness
Antoni Subirà, Professor
María Luisa Blázquez, Research Associate

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España, al puesto 42 (de 139 países).

‘Spain has dropped nine ranks this year to 42nd
place. The decline is in large part attributable to an
increasingly negative assessment of the labor and financial
markets as well as the level of sophistication of the country’s
businesses. On a more positive note, Spain’s competitiveness
performance continues to be boosted by the
large market (13th) available to its national companies,
strong technological adoption (30th in the technological
readiness pillar), first-class infrastructure (14th), and good
higher education and training (31st). Overall, the greatest
area of concern remains the highly inflexible labor market
(130th on the related subpillar), which discourages
job creation—a matter of particular concern considering
the high and persistent unemployment in the country.’

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Los europeos.

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Los problemas de España.

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Pese a tener el noveno PIB mundial…

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…estamos en el puesto 23 per cápita.

Seventh pillar: Labor market efficiency
The efficiency and flexibility of the labor market are critical
for ensuring that workers are allocated to their most
efficient use in the economy and provided with incentives
to give their best effort in their jobs. Labor markets must
therefore have the flexibility to shift workers from one
economic activity to another rapidly and at low cost, and
to allow for wage fluctuations without much social disruption.
14The importance of the latter has been dramatically
highlighted by the difficulties countries with particularly
rigid labor markets—such as Spain—have encountered
in recovering from the recent major economic
downturn.
Efficient labor markets must also ensure a clear relationship
between worker incentives and their efforts, as
well as equity in the business environment between
women and men.