GRAPHICS: Economía de la Educación y el VANP

Securing a sustainable future for higher education
12 October 2010

Estudio independiente sobre la financiación de la Universidad.
Reino Unido.

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Componentes del valor neto privado para un hombre con educación superior.
Net present value (NPV): La rentabilidad de una inversión.
Se sitúa a valor presente los flujos de caja futuros que va a generar el estudiante.
La inversión que se realiza en relación a los beneficios que se obtendrán.
Cuanto más alto es el NPV, mejor habrá sido la inversión.

El Valor Actual Neto Privado (VANP) representa la equivalencia presente de los ingresos netos futuros y presentes de un proyecto expresados a precios de mercado.

La educación es un proyecto e inversión a largo plazo.
Economía de la educación.
Así, cuanto más elevado es el subsidio público en la educación, más bajo es el gasto privado de la inversión en educación y más alto es el valor actual neto para el indiviudo particular. Ejemplo.

El Reino Unido plantea subir los costes porque estima que el retorno para el estudiante es elevado y, por tanto, se lo pueden permitir.
Otro efecto colateral de la crisis.

England has an internationally respected system of higher
education that produces major benefits for individuals and
the country. Sustaining future economic growth and social
mobility in an increasingly competitive global knowledge
economy will require increased investment in higher
education. Other countries are already broadening and
strengthening their higher education systems and we need
to rise to this challenge.

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Población con educación terciaria (superior).
El gran salto español.

The chart below compares OECD countries in 2008 on
the population aged 25 to 34 with tertiary education and
the population aged 55 to 64 with tertiary education. It
shows that many countries – such as Korea, Japan, Ireland,
Belgium, France and Spain – that have historically lower
levels of participation than the UK have now moved ahead
of us and their participation rates among young people are
higher than ours. The OECD average shows a sharper
increase than the UK as well.

The Independent Review of Higher Education Funding and Student Finance was launched on the 9th November 2009. The review is tasked with making recommendations to Government on the future of fees policy and financial support for full and part-time undergraduate and postgraduate students.

PRESS: SOS desde Haití

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Sobrecogedora nota de prensa a los medios internacionales de la misión de la ONU en Haití.

Note to Correspondents on the Situation on Haiti from Vicenzo Pugliese, Spokesperson and Chief of Media Relations
13 January 2010
The earthquake has caused major damage in the Port-au-Prince area, as well as in Jacmel.
The National Palace, the Cathedral, the Ministry of Justice and other important government offices have been destroyed.
Hotels, hospitals, schools and the national penitentiary have all suffered extensive damage
Casualties, which are vast, can only be estimated.
An unknown number – tens if not hundreds of thousands – have suffered varying degrees of destruction to their homes.
Haitians, fearful of houses collapsing on them or of a second earthquake, slept in the streets of Port-au-Prince last night.
Electricity supplies have been interrupted.
Water is in short supply.
Some major transportation routes have been severely disrupted by surface cracks, rocks and boulders, fallen trees and smashed cars.
Both the Government of Haiti and the UN in Haiti have appealed for immediate and extensive relief supplies and assistance, including search and rescue capacity and medical personnel.
MINUSTAH is expecting a team of search and rescue experts from China to arrive today to lead rescue operations at the collapsed MINUSTAH headquarters.
Between 50 and 100 people are estimated to have been in the six-storey building when it collapsed and have yet to be accounted for.
Other UN offices have also been damaged, and 10 people are missing from the UNDP compound that houses UNFPA, UNAIDS, UNIFEM, WFP, OCHA and UNEP.
UN personnel seriously injured in the earthquake were evacuated from all sites overnight to UN medical facilities near the airport, which remains operational
Other search and rescue teams are reported to be arriving from Guadeloupe and the Dominican Republic and the United States.
These will be deployed to major government buildings, hotels and hospitals.
UN soldiers and police have been patrolling night and day since the earthquake struck shortly before 5 p.m. yesterday, helping to maintain law and order, as well as assisting with rescue operations.
While the earthquake was felt as far afield as Les Cayes in the southwest and Gonaives to the north, little destruction has been reported in far flung areas of the country.
However, in the capital region, destruction is massive and broad, while Haitian services are visibly unable to cope.
Staff from the UN agencies, funds and programmes and from MINUSTAH’s offices at
Hotel Christopher have regrouped at the mission’s logistics base, attached to the Port-au-Prince airport, where they continue to work coordinating and, supporting the incoming international relief effort.

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