Cómo visualizar los grupos de interés que están influyendo en tu proyecto

Mapas de los círculos de interés (gestión estratégica de los

Cuando hablamos de los grupos de interés, realmente ¿de qué estamos tratando? ¿Es posible establecer u diálogo con ellos o gestionarlos de alguna manear? Una parte importante en la gestión estratégica de los activos intangibles de una empresa es el conocimiento de las partes interesadas en el diseño de un servicio.

Estas partes interesadas son individuos o grupos de personas que pueden impactar o ser afectados por el diseño y la prestación de un servicio existente o futuro. A la hora de gestionar la reputación corporativa es imprescindible conocer a los potenciales clientes y a las partes interesadas, a quiénes quizás nunca se les prestó atención.

Primer paso:  Identificar a los agentes implicados

Todo producto debe adaptarse a su público objetivo, por ello, tenemos que determinar el público al que deseamos llegar por medio de análisis cualitativos proporcionados por encuestas temáticas, tormentas de ideas y la observación para recopilar datos. ¿Quién es el público de nuestro producto? ¿Está preparada la audiencia para recibir la información que se le proporciona? ¿Qué necesitan aprender para usar la información de manera efectiva? ¿Que es lo que ya entienden? Adicionalmente se pueden dar un enfoque cuantitativo para confirmar los primeros análisis y realizar árboles, diagramas de Venn, matrices y mapas de la compañía y las empresas asociadas.

Se trataría de poner nombres y caras sobre los miembros de la sociedad que son de interés para los negocios y así reforzar la credibilidad de la información que se les presenta.

Las partes interesadas clave: Aquellas personas o grupos que tienen una influencia significativa en el diseño del servicio o que se ven afectados significativamente por el mismo y cuyos intereses e influencia deben ser reconocidos para asegurar su éxito. Un grupo o individuo clave podría poner fin a un determinado proyecto (alta dirección).

El entorno interno: Son personas o grupos de personas que son parte de la organización (accionistas, empleados, directivos, personas que integran la organización).

El entorno externo: Son personas o grupos de personas con ‘intereses creados’ en la organización (activistas, inversores, proveedores, consumidores, clientes, autoridades reguladoras, ONGs, gobiernos y Administraciones Públicas, competidores, entorno social, entorno ambiental).

Conocer los cuatro modelos de mapeo

Un mapa de grupos de interés es una herramienta que ayuda a identificar y clasificar de manera visual a las distintas partes interesadas en función de diferentes parámetros y atributos: interés, influencia, legitimidad, participación, poder o creatividad.

Modelo de Gardner (1986): Matriz de poder y dinamismo

El modelo de mapa de grupos más común es la matriz de poder de James R. Gardner que clasifica a los individuos y grupos de acuerdo al poder que poseen en las estrategias de la empresa y su capacidad para tomar decisiones (dinamismo) sobre una matriz.  Señala la dirección en la que se debe canalizar el esfuerzo “político” o de gestión antes de tomar algunas medidas o acciones.

 

Matriz genérica de poder e interés (Gardner, Mendelow)
Matriz genérica de poder e interés (Gardner, Mendelow)

 

Modelo de Mendelow (1991):  Matriz de poder e interés

El modelo de Aubrey L. Mendelow (Kent State University, Ohio) presenta, como Gardner, una matriz  para identificar a los grupos que influyen en la organización. Posee dos ejes críticos: el potencial de estos actores para influir en  la organización y el potencial de estos grupos de interés de cooperar con la organización.

Diagrama de Venn en el cual se relacionan las variables poder, legitimidad y urgencia (Modelo de Mitchell, Agle y Wood)
Diagrama de Venn en el cual se relacionan las variables poder, legitimidad y
urgencia (Modelo de Mitchell, Agle y Wood)

Modelo de Mitchell, Agle y Wood (1997): Diagrama de Venn

El modelo clasifica a los ‘stakeholders’ en siete tipos según tres variables, poder, legitimidad y urgencia que se resume en un diagrama de Venn.

La variable ‘poder’ significa la capacidad del ‘stakeholder’ de influenciar en la organización. La variable ‘legitimidad’ se refiere a la relación y a las acciones del grupo de poder con la organización en términos de participación, propiedad o conveniencia. La ‘urgencia’ alude a los requisitos que los grupos o individuos plantean a la organización en términos de urgencia y oportunidad.

Así, la combinación de estos tres atributos  lleva a siete tipos de ‘stakeholders’: latentes, discrecionales, reclamantes, dominantes, peligrosos, dependientes y definitivos (jugadores clave).

Modelo de Bourne & Walker (2005):  El círculo de poder

El diagrama del círculo de partes interesadas sirve para identificar y visualizar la influencia relativa de cada uno de los principales interesados ​​y planificar formas de interactuar y gestionar sus expectativas o contribuciones.

 

El diagrama del círculo de partes interesadas: proximidad, influencia y poder.
El diagrama del círculo de partes interesadas: proximidad, influencia y poder.

 

Para desarrollar el “círculo”, las partes interesadas se ponderan según tres características:

Eje del círculo de poder:  Algunas partes interesadas pueden ‘matar’ el proyecto usando su propio poder; en cambio, otras partes interesadas tienen el poder de cambiar o dañar el proyecto, pero no pueden por sí mismas cancelarlo o ‘matarlo’.

Eje de proximidad: Este eje considera cuál es la asociación de una parte interesada con el día a día del proyecto. El pequeño círculo en el centro del diagrama representa el proyecto. El espacio entre los dos círculos representa la esfera de influencia del proyecto en toda su comunidad de actores. La proximidad de una parte interesada al proyecto está representada por la proximidad de su segmento al proyecto en el centro.

Eje de urgencia o importancia: La anchura del arco representa la cantidad de urgencia o importancia atribuida a una parte interesada desde la perspectiva de los equipos (es decir, la probabilidad de que el ‘stakeholder’ use su poder), cuanto más amplio sea el segmento, mayor será la urgencia.

 

 

 

Referencias

James R. Gardner, Rober Rachlin, H. W. Allen Sweeney: Handbook of Strategic Planning (1986)

ehow.com: What Is a Stakeholder Map?

CSR Europe: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): The value for Europe.

ORSE: Observatoire de la responsabilité sociétale des entreprises.

Imperial College London: Project Stakeholder Analysis (doc template)

Blackwell Publishing: Construction Stakeholder Management (pdf).

Project Management Institute: Visualizing stakeholder influence (article, 2006)

Antonio Petruccelli, maestro de los años 30 y 40 del siglo XX

Si no conoces el trabajo de Antonio Petruccelli (Fort Lee, NJ, EEUU, 1907-1994), merece la pena que le prestes unos minutos de atención.
Ilustrador, diseñador, cartógrafo y diagramador muy inspirador, uno de los grandes del siglo XX.

Si pones en Google su nombre aparecen bastantes de sus fantásticas portadas para Fortune Magazine (desde 1935 hasta 1945) y The New Yorker.
Aquí os dejo algunas de sus gráficas.

US War Department, enero 1941

Antonio Petruccelli, The World´s Largest Distillery
Fortune

Antonio Petruccelli, Fortune Magazine, 1942

The main dynamics of the US Technological mobilization for war.

One big family, A Management Chart, Febrero, 1940

Italia, 1934

Portada de Fortune, junio 1937

Estos son algunos links que recogen su trabajo:

· Master Illustrator, Antonio Petruccelli

· Antonio Petruccelli en Fulltable, cronología de sus trabajos (muy recomendable)

· Vintage Fortune en Facebook

· Society of Illustrator

WEB: Obama en digital

The Washington Post
A Second Term
Maryland voters approve same-sex marriage
Obama´s second term

2012 Presidential Election Results

The New York Times.
Obama´s Night
Electoral Advantage Holds; Popular Vote is Tight
Voters Approve Same-Sex Marriage in Two States (Maine and Maryland)
One State Legalizez Marijuana (Washington); another on Verge (Colorado)
President Obama’s Success

President Results.

LA Times
Obama Prevails.
Can Both Sides Learn to Compromise?
Maybe stalemate´s latest victory means voters will finally win.
The tough road ahead.

LATimes Results.

Wall Street Journal
U.S. Voters Give Obama Second Term
Battlegrounds Bring Victory

Hope Over Experience

Interactive.

GRAPHIC GEMS: Atlas zu Alex. v. Humboldt’s Kosmos in zweiundvierzig, 1851

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Atlas zu Alex. v. Humboldt’s Kosmos in zweiundvierzig
Infographic on the composition of the earth’s crust
Stuttgart, Alemania
Verlag von Krais & Hoffmann
1851
42 infografías para la historia.
No sólo un atlas. No sólo mapas.
Incluyen increíbles ilustraciones para explicar los fenómenos naturales.

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Ver Botanicus

MAS:
Galería en Flickr

Bibliodyssey

The rise of thematic or special purpose cartography, which focuses on mapping the distribution of single or multiple interrelated phenomena, had its origins in the advances in the natural sciences in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, particularly with the collection of vast amounts of scientific data and the search for innovative techniques of presenting this data graphically. Examples of early physical geography atlases in the Library of Congress include Alexander von Humboldt’s Atlas gographique et physique du royaume de la Nouvelle-Espagne (Paris, 1811), which records his observations during a 1799 to 1804 expedition to South and Central America; Heinrich Berghaus’s three-volume Physikalischer Atlas (Gotha, 1845 1848), the first atlas to portray the physical geography of the world; Alexander Keith Johnston’s Physical Atlas (Edinburgh, 1848), an English adaptation of the Berghaus atlas; and Traugott Broome’s Atlas zu Alex. v. Humboldt’s Kosmos [Stuttgart, 1851 1853], which was prepared to accompany Humboldt’s five-volume Kosmos, a complete physical geography of the universe.

MAPS: ‘PaliLeaks’, Al Jazeera y The Guardian

Se complica el proceso de paz en Cercano Oriente.
Papeles robados de ordenadores del Departamento de Negociación de la Organización para la Liberación de Palestina (OLP).

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The Guardian, 24 de enero
Exclusiva de Al Jazeera y The Guardian.
The Palestine Papers
Las concesiones de Mahmoud Abbas a Ehud Olmert.

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The Guardian, 25 de enero

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Jerusalem Post de ayer.

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Jerusalem Post de hoy.

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The ‘Napkin Map’
El mapa de la negociación.
La Autoridad Palestina permite la anexión virtual de los asentamientos ilegales por Israel en Jerusalem Este.

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La rendición de la Autoridad Palestina: Jerusalem Este anexionado por Israel.
Al Jazeera

MAPS: Worst1942, Propuesta Europa, Maurice Gomberg

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Outline of Post-War New World Map
New World Moral Order
Maurice Gomberg, Philadelphia
Propuesta de EEUU.
Librería del Congreso.
1942
Muy polémico.
Propaganda geoestratégica.

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The map was self-published by Gomberg and offered for sale for $1 in magazines such as American Teacher in 1942 and Survey Graphic in 1944.

Se puede leer:
Punto 18: ‘The areas known as Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg, Switzerland, France, Spain, Portugal, the island of Corsica and eventually Italy and the islands of Sardinia and Sicily shall be unified as a demilitarized, federated “United States of Europe”. ‘

About The New World Order Map:

This map was discovered by Helen Somers in a window in Philadelphia during World War II. It was completed in October 1941, before Pearl Harbor, was printed in bright colors by a cartographer named Maurice Gomberg in Philadelphia in 1942, and was displayed in his store window. Helen Somers immediately recognized the significance of the map and purchased several. At least a few original copies are still in existence, including one in the Library of Congress in Washington, DC.

“OUR POLICY SHALL BE THIS:

1. We, the U.S.A., in cooperation with our allies, for reasons of our national safety and in the interests of international morality, are determined to crush and completely destroy the military power of the Axis aggressors, and their satellites regardless of cost, effort and time necessary to accomplish this task.

2. The old world order of colonial oppression, exploitation of dominions, rival imperialism and mercenary balance of power diplomacy; of majesties, dictators, privileged minorities, plutocratic monopolists and similar social parasites; the corrupted order responsible for the present world cataclysm, endangering our national safety and peaceful process, shall never rise again.

3. A New World Moral Order for permanent peace and freedom shall be established at the successful conclusion of the present war.

4. For reasons of history, economic structure, favorable geography and the welfare of mankind, the U.S.A. must, altruistically, assume the leadership of the newly established, democratic world order.

5. To reduce the burden and criminal waste of armaments expenditures everywhere in the world, the U.S.A., with the cooperation of Latin-America, the British Commonwealth of Nations, and the U.S.S.R. shall undertake to guarantee peace to the nations which will be permanently disarmed and demilitarized after the conclusion of the present war.

6. In order to be able, in the fulfillment of our obligations, to effectively prevent the possibility of a recurrence of another world cataclysm, the invincibility of the U.S.A. as a military, naval and air power, shall be the major prerequisite.

7. For realistic considerations of strategy and our invulnerability, it is imperative that the U.S.A. shall obtain relinquishment of controls of their possessions from all foreign Powers in the entire Western Hemisphere, it’s surrounding waters and strategic island outposts as outlined on accompanying map.

8. For considerations of hemispheric defense and in the spirit and tradition of the new Monroe Doctrine of hemispheric solidarity and the “Good Neighbor” policy, the U.S.A. with the consent of the Latin-American Republics, shall obtain control and protectorate rights of the relinquished territories.

9. To strengthen our position in the Caribbean area which is of obvious importance to hemispheric defense, all possible inducements shall be offered to our neighbors of Central America and the West Indies to facilitate their entrance as equal states of the U.S.A. as outlined on map.

10. To fortify the politico-economic unity of the Western Hemisphere, the U.S.A. shall promote and assist the unification of South America into a well organized, democratic, federated “United States of South America.”

11. The liberated British, French and Netherlands Guiana shall be reorganized as one state of the U.S.S.A.

12. All Powers shall relinquish their controls of their colonial, mandate and strategic island possessions everywhere in the world.

13. The British Commonwealth of Nations, the second military and naval Power of importance cooperating in a binding compact with the U.S.A. as a Power for freedom, shall retain and acquire control such territories, peace-security bases and strategic islands outposts essential for the maintenance of world peace and freedom as outlines on the map.

14. The U.S.S.R., the third military Power of importance cooperating with the U.S.A. as a Power for freedom and the maintenance of world peace, shall acquire control of the liberated, disorganized adjacent areas and those of Germany-Austria to be re-educated and eventually incorporated as equal republics of the U.S.S.R., as approximately outlined on map.

15. A world League of Nationalities with arbitration and supervision powers shall be organized.

16. A World Court with punitive powers of absolute boycott, quarantine, blockade and occupation by international police, against lawbreakers of international morality shall be organized.

17. The U.S.A. with the close cooperation of the United States of South America, the British Commonwealth of Nations, the U.S.S.R. and the World League of Nationalities, shall promote and assist in the unification of the relinquished territories and the areas at present unsoundly divided into well organized democratic and absolutely demilitarized republics as approximately on the map.

18. The areas known as Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg, Switzerland, France, Spain, Portugal, the island of Corsica, and eventually Italy and the islands of Sardinia and Sicily shall be unified as a demilitarized, federated “United States of Europe.”

19. The areas known as Sweden, Norway, Denmark and the Spitsbergen islands shall be unified as a demilitarized, federated “United States of Scandinavia.”

20. The continent of Africa shall be reorganized and unified as a demilitarized, federated “Union of African Republics.”

21. The areas of Saudi Arabia, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Hejas, Aden and Oman, shall be unified as a demilitarized union of “Arabian Federated Republics.”

22. The areas known as India, including Afghanistan, Baluchistan, Nepal, Bhutan and Burma shall be unified as a demilitarized “federated Republics of India.”

23. The areas known as China, Inner Mongolia, Tibet, Thailand, Malaya, Indo-China and Korea, shall be unified as a demilitarized, federated “United Republics of China.”

24. The areas known as Greece, Macedonia, Albania, Crete, Dodecanese and adjacent islands in the Aegean sea shall be unified as a demilitarized “Federal Republic of Greece.”

25. The areas known as Eire and Northern Ireland shall be unified as a demilitarized independent republic of “Eire.”

26. The area of the Holy Land of the ancient Hebrews, at present known as Palestine and Trans-Jordan, and the adjacent requisite regions as outlined on map, for considerations of history and the imperative necessity to alleviate a post war refugee problem, shall be unified as a demilitarized republic of “Hebrewland.”

27. The area known as European Turkey, adjacent to the Dardanelles, sea of Marmora and Bosporus, for considerations of realistic peace strategy shall be placed under joint control of the U.S.S.R. and Turkey.

28. The area known as Turkey shall be a demilitarized independent republic of “Turkey.”

29. All problems of exchange, transfer and repatriation of populations shall be administered by the World League of Nationalities.

30. The criminal perpetrators and their partners in guilt of this hideous war shall be brought to justice and unforgettable punishment administered.

31. All subjects of Japan and all persons of Japanese origin of doubtful loyalty shall be expelled from the entire Western Hemisphere, U.S.A. protectorates and strategic island outposts and their property confiscated for post-war reconstruction needs.

32. All subjects of Germany and Italy and all persons of German and Italian origin known as active supporters of Nazi and fascist ideologies shall be treated similarly.

33. German, Italian, Japanese immigration to the Western Hemisphere, its protectorates and island outposts shall be indefinitely stopped.

34. All persons of German origin in East Prussia and the Rhineland shall be transferred to inner Germany and the regions permanently de-Prussianized.

35. All persons of German, Italian and Japanese origin shall be permanently expelled from their now conquered territories and their property confiscated for post-war construction needs.

36. To cleanse the populations of the defeated Axis aggressors of the intoxication of military chauvinism; to effectuate the removal and destruction of their potential military establishments; to recover the accumulated loot and to re-educate them for their eventual membership in the Family of Nations, the areas of Germany-Austria, Italy and Japan shall be hermetically and indefinitely quarantined and administered by appointed Governors subject to supervision by the world League of Nationalities.

37. All resources, industrial and labor capacity of quarantined areas shall be employed for the post war restoration and reconstruction needs.

38. To reduce the numerical power of the aggressor nations, as a potential military advantage, a Population Control Policy shall be elaborated and applied in the quarantined area.

39. In the New World Moral Order which we seek to establish, besides the essential political freedoms, the following fundamental economic changes are imperative:

(a) Nationalization of all natural resources and equitable distribution of same to all nations…everywhere in the world;

(b) Nationalization of international banking, foreign investments, railroads and power plants….everywhere in the world;

(c) Nationalization of all armaments producing establishments by all military powers;

(d) Federal control of foreign commerce and shipping;

(e) The establishment of a world common monetary system;

(f) World wide limitations of interest rates to a maximum of two percent;

40. To retain the victory and leadership of our united democratic effort….the aim of which is not vengeance or exploitation, but freedom and security to all nations for peaceful progress….the unified “Supreme War Command of the United Nations” at the conclusion of the present war, shall be recognized and transformed into a permanent “Supreme Military and Economic Council” collaborating with the World League of Nationalities in post war construction and to enforce world peace.

41. The “Supreme Military and Economic Council” shall appoint the Governors to administer the quarantined areas until their eventual parole.

For this purposeful beginning we must fight until absolute victory.”

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Compare the 1942 Map to the US Commands, which reflect America’s deployment of military might and wars of conquest (Editor of Global Research)

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Irish Times encantado.
Proponía una Irlanda unida
‘The areas known as Eire and Northern Ireland shall be unified as a demilitarized independent republic of “Eire.”

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También un Estado hebreo.
Smaller entities include Eire (the whole of Ireland), Greece (including Albania), Turkey (excluding European Turkey), Hebrewland (the Holy Land plus Jordan) and Japan. The three axis states (Germany, Italy and Japan) were to be ‘quarantained’ until they could be readmitted in the family of nations.

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El mundo real en 1945
ONU.

MAP GEMS: J. Kellick Bathurst, History Of The Civil War, 1860-1865

J. Kellick Bathurst

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Library of Congress Geography and Map Division
History of the Civil War in the United States, 1860-1865 J. Kellick Bathurst, compiler; Edward Perrin, del.; Courier Litho. Co., Buffalo, N.Y. (Civil War Map Poster measured in inches 26 x 36)
Amazon

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This time line map of the United States Civil War was originally produced in the mid 1860’s, by Comparative Synoptical Chart Co, Ltd.
Dimensions: 26″ x 36″
Item #1W-US-CW-1860
Shipping Weight: 2 lbs.
PRICE: $44.95

Mapas históricos de EEUU
1600-1938

El Rev. Green da acceso a una visualización óptima del gráfico.
Aquí.

MAP GEMS: Familia Ottens, Joachim, Reiner y Joshua

JOACHIM OTTENS (Padre) 1663-1719
REINER AND JOSUA OTTENS (hijos)
(1698-1750 and 1704-1765)
Cartógrafos

The family business of print and map selling was founded by Joachim Ottens but the active period of map publishing was concentrated in the years between 1720 and 1750 when the brothers, Reiner and Joshua, produced enormous collections of maps, some as large as 15 volumes. These, including copies of practically all maps available at the time, were made up to order and were magnificently coloured. Besides these specially prepared collections they also issued single-volume atlases with varying contents as well as pocket atlases.

Cartografía en venta.

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Publisher: de L’ISLE, G. / OTTENS, R. / I.
Title: Hemisphere meridional pour voir plus distinctement les terres australes. . .
Published in: Amsterdam, 1740

Size: 17.6 x 17.9 inches.
44.7 x 45.4 cm.

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With the imprint of the Ottens family – rare. An Antarctic map including a recounting of the discovery of an island south of the Cape of Good Hope which was named Cap de la Circoncision in 1739. A small inset map of the discovered island appears in the lower right.
This circular map show the world in an unusual way: using the Poles as the center point of hemispheres that extend to the Equator.
With a text panel in upper left corner : Nouvelles découvertes de 1739 au sud du cap de bonne Esperance par les ordre de M. de la compagnie des Indes. Dressee sur les memoires et sur la carte originale de M. Lozier Bouvet cahrge de cette expédition. Same text in Dutch in upper right corner.
Joachim Ottens (1663 – 1719) and his sons Renier and Joshua were prominent Dutch booksellers and map publishers from about 1680 to 1790. Joachim, the founder of the firm, was initially employed as a copperplate engraver by Frederick de Wit. In 1711 Joachim founded his own firm. Though Joachim died only a few years later, his sons Renier and Joshua took over the firm and presided over its most prolific period.

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European Distance Chart, Reiner and Josua Ottens, c.1750
OLIOMETRIA EUROPAE MAXIME AUTEM GERMANIAE AC FINITIMORUM LOCURUM EX OFFICINA R. & J. OTTS AMST. An interesting table listing many European towns and cities plus Bethlehem.

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Publisher: OTTENS, R. / I.
Title: Poliometria Europae Maxime Autem Germaniae ac Finitimorum Locorum. . .
Published in: Amsterdam, 1720
48.6 x 55.3 cm.

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This unusual thematic chart shows the traveling distances from various European cities in a style that is still used in charts today.

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Reiner & Josua Ottens: Carte Quirepresente Toutes Les Pieces Qui Sont Comprises Dans L’Architecture Militaire, ou L’Arte Des Fortifications . . .

Description: Scarce map showing approximately 83 smaller illustrations on all aspects of the military sciences, including methods for the construction of fortresses; artillery; sieges of cities; battles; army units, attacks from seaside etc., but Caspar Specht. The text of the legend in Dutch, text in the illustrations in French. Gorgeous old color example.

Title: Carte Quirepresente Toutes Les Pieces Qui Sont Comprises Dans L’Architecture Militaire, ou L’Arte Des Fortifications . . .
Map Maker: Reiner & Josua Ottens
Place / Date: Amsterdam / 1720

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Reiner & Josua Ottens: [Wall Map of Spain & Portugal] Novissima et Accuratissima Tabula Qua Gallaeciae et Legionis Regna, Asturiarum … Regnorum Arragoniae et Navarra, Principatus Cataloniae . . .

Title: [Wall Map of Spain & Portugal] Novissima et Accuratissima Tabula Qua Gallaeciae et Legionis Regna, Asturiarum … Regnorum Arragoniae et Navarra, Principatus Cataloniae . . .

Map Maker: Reiner & Josua Ottens
Place / Date: Amsterdam / 1740

Description:

Gorgeous full color example of Luggert van Anse’s 4 sheet map of Spain, Portugal and the Balaeric Islands, joined flawlessly and presented here as a wall map.

Includes a large cartouche with explanations of the political divisions of Spain and Portugal in French and Dutch, headed by coat of arms and 6 compass roses. An uncommon wall map of Spain and Portugal. Luggert van Anse was engraver for Allard, Visscher and van Keulen. This edition was published by Ottens, with additions and corrections. A spectacular example.
Price: $4,800.00

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Johannes De Ram / Reiner & Josua Ottens: Regni Angliae Nova Tabula, Exhibens Principatum Walliae, & aliarum Provincia rum Civitatum, Oppidorum, una cum itineribus ab uno in aliam Civitatem

Title: Regni Angliae Nova Tabula, Exhibens Principatum Walliae, & aliarum Provincia rum Civitatum, Oppidorum, una cum itineribus ab uno in aliam Civitatem

Map Maker: Johannes De Ram / Reiner & Josua Ottens
Place / Date: Amsterdam / 1725
Size: 23 x 19.5 inches
Price: $795.00

Description:
Third state of De Ram’s rare map of England, updated and corrected by Reiner & Josua Ottens.

Includes a massive Alphabetical Table of the Cities and Market-Townes on the great roads in England Y Wales, Their Latitude and Longitude and in what County they are Lying . . . Ornate cartouche and rich full color.

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Totius Neobelgii nova et accuratissima Tabula
Allard, Hugo (1625 – 1691)/Ottens, Reiner (1698 – 1750) and Ottens, Joshua (1704-1765)
Librería: W. Graham Arader III gallery (New York, NY, U.S.A.)


Descripción:

A MAP OF NEW ENGLAND CONTAINING THE FAMOUS “RESTITUTIO” VIEW Copper-plate engraving with original hand color: plate size 181/2″ x 213/4″ Reference: Philip D. Burden, The Mapping of North America: A List of Printed Maps 1511-1670 (Rickmansworth, 1996), 476-477. This map is one of five that closely follows the Visscher Novii Belgii. It is a magnificent version of Hugo Allard’s edition published by the Ottens brothers, after their purchase of Allard’s plate in 1708, and shows the famous “Restitutio” view of New York. In 1664, the English successfully captured New Amsterdam and renamed it New York. The Dutch were entirely unable to rival the English, but for one brief episode between 1673 and 1674 when they recaptured the city and renamed it New Amsterdam. It was then that this updated version of Visscher’s map was first engraved replacing the inset view of New York with what became dubbed the “Restituto” view. The inset celebrated the ‘restoration’ of New Amsterdam to Holland, in August 1673, by the fleet under the command of Cornelius Evertsen. The figure on the pedestal is holding a laurel of victory, while the updated glimpse at the southern tip of Manhattan shows a city that has grown significantly, and is a triumphant indication of Dutch pride in its recapture. Unlike the Visscher view, here the town is depicted from the east. On the right-hand side of the view is part of the wall that became Wall Street, with its guardhouse and gate. To its right are new settlements that were just beginning to crop up north of the wall. This view actually shows the Dutch capture of the town in progress, with soldiers marching along the quay and a cannon firing from the fort. Despite the fact that the city was returned to the British under the Treaty of Breda the following year, this map with the “Restitutio” view continued to be published for almost a century by Dutch mapmakers, perhaps for reasons of nostalgic national pride. By this time, Dutch overseas power was waning, particularly in America. This view, with its grandiose presentation of momentary triumph, played to the need for some affirmation of Dutch colonial power even in the face of overwhelming evidence to its demise

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Schenk Ottens 1700 (1735) – India

MAKER Schenk/Ottens
TITLE Carte des Côtes de Malabar et de Coromandel
PLACE ISSUED Amsterdam
FIRST EDITION 1700
THIS EDITION 1735
SIZE (hxw cms) 44.1 x 57.2
AREA SHOWN India
TECHNIQUE Copper engraving
PAGE NUMBER
SIGNATURE
VERSO blank
COLOURING or.col.
CONDITION The overall quality of this antique map is excellent
DESCRIPTION Reiner and Joshua Ottens’ re-issue of Schenk’s large map of India. Magnificent original colour.

JOACHIM OTTENS
1663-1719
Joachim Ottens and his sons Renier (d.1750) and Joshua (d.1765), were prominent Dutch booksellers and map publishers from about 1680 to 1790. Joachim was initially employed as a copperplate engraver by Frederick de Wit (1630-1706), but founded his own business in 1711. Although he died only a few years later, his sons Renier and Joshua took over the firm and presided over its most prolific period. The Ottens family’s most notable contribution to cartography was its enormous made-to-order multi-volume atlases such as the Atlas Major.

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Reiner Ottens. Atlas maior cvm generales omnivm totius orbis regnorvm . . .Amsterdam 1729. Page 2 – Page 3 Hand-colored engraving

REINER OTTENS
(son) 1698-1750

JOSHUA OTTENS
(son) 1704-1765